Waterfowl and North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP)

The North American Waterfowl Management Plan (“NAWMP”) is an international action strategy for conserving migratory waterfowl throughout North America. The purpose of NAWMPis to keep waterfowl populations abundant while preserving the history of wildfowling and obtaining biodiversity. NAWMP has been in effect for 25 years and relies heavily on the Joint Ventures from Mexico, Canada, and the United States to help achieve NAWMP's waterfowl population, habitat, and people oriented goals.

NAWMP is a partnership of federal, provincial/state and municipal governments, non-government organizations (NGOs), private companies and many individuals, all working towards preserving wetlands to benefit waterfowl and other wildlife --as well as people. NAWMP's unique combination of science, conservation and partnerships is what makes it a conservation legacy. NAWMP programs and projects are international in scope, but practiced at regional and local levels. Together they contribute to the protection of habitat and wildlife species across the North American landscape. In fact, the NAWMP is considered one of the most successful conservation initiatives in the world.

The North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) was enacted in 1989 as a way to drive non-federal contributions to wetland wildlife habitat in North America. NAWCA grants are used to protect and restore the wetland and associated upland habitat in all 50 states, Canada, and Mexico. The law requires each federal dollar put into the program to be matched by at least $1 in non-federal funds. These expenditures will create nearly 7,500 new jobs annually in the United States on average and generate over $200 million in worker earnings each year.

Federal and non-federal funding has resulted in the conservation of over 30 million acres of wetlands and associated uplands across North America. The abundance of wildlife, including many species of waterfowl, other migratory birds, fish, and mammals supported by wetlands, translates into multi-billion dollar activities for Americans who enjoy hunting, fishing, wildlife viewing, and photography.

The Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies established a program for states to collectively contribute $10 million per year to North American Waterfowl Management. In September 2011, the Association passed a resolution “Urging Financial Support for Implementation of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) and the North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA)” and confirming the goal for states to strive to maximize their support in the range of $10 million per year as U.S. matching funds for NAWMP projects on the Canadian breeding grounds. The resolution also required that a detailed Action Plan be developed to identify ways and means of achieving the $10 million goal. Implementation of the five year Action Plan will begin in the spring of 2012.

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